From PyPi

EGTtools can be installed using PyPi on Linux, macOS, and Windows:

pip install egttools

To update your installed version to the latest release, add -U (or --upgrade) to the command:

pip install -U egttools


Currently, only the Linux build supports OpenMP parallelization for numerical simulations. This should normally be ok for most applications, since numerical simulations are heavy (computationally) and should be run on a High Power Computing (HPC) clusters which normally run Linux distributions. We are investigating how to provide support for OpenMP in both Windows and Mac OSX. In the meantime, if you really want to run numerical simulations on either of these two platforms, you should follow the compilation instructions below and try to link OpenMP for your platform yourself. Please, if you manage to do so, open an issue or a pull request with your solutions.


The arm64 and universal2::arm64 have not been tested upstream on CI, so please report any issues or bugs you may encounter.


For Apple M1 (arm64) you should install using pip install egttools --no-deps so that pip does not install the dependencies of the package. This is necessary since there is no Scipy wheel for architecture arm64 available on PyPi yet. To install the package dependencies you should create a virtual environment with miniforge. Once you have miniforge installed you can do the following (assuming that you are in the base miniforge environment):

conda create -n egtenv python=3.9
conda activate egtenv
conda install numpy
conda install scipy
conda install matplotlib
conda install networkx
conda install seaborn

Build from source

To build egttools from source you need:

  • A recent version of Linux (only tested on Ubuntu), MacOSX (Mojave or above) or Windows

  • CMake version 3.17 or higher

  • C++ 17

  • Eigen 3.3.*

  • Boost 1.80.*

  • Python 3.7 or higher


Boost is required in order for EGTtools to use multiprecision integers and floating point numbers with higher precision. You may still be able to compile EGTtools without Boost, but we highly recommend don’t.

Once you install these libraries, you can follow the following steps.

To install all required packages run:

python -m venv egttools-env
source egttools-env/bin/activate
pip install -r requirements.txt

Or with anaconda:

conda env create -f environment.yml
conda activate egttools-env

Also, to make your virtual environment visible to jupyter:

conda install ipykernel # or pip install ipykernel
python -m ipykernel install --user --name=egttools-env

You can build EGTtools by running:

pip install build
cd <path>
python -m build

Where <path> represents the path to the EGTtools folder. If you are running this while inside the EGTtools folder, then <path> is simply ./.

Finally, you can install EGTtools in development mode, this will allow the installation to update with new modifications to the package:

python -m pip install -e <path>

If you don’t want development mode, you can skip the option `-e`.

Python distributions


If you use the Anaconda distribution of Python, you can use the same pip command in a terminal of the appropriate Anaconda environment, either activated through the Anaconda Navigator or conda tool.


Recent versions of PyPy are supported by the pybind11 project and should thus also be supported by EGTtools.


For other distributions of Python, we are expecting that our package is compatible with the Python versions that are out there and that pip can handle the installation. If you are using yet another Python distribution, we are definitely interested in hearing about it, so that we can add it to this list!


It is possible that you run into problems when trying to install or use EGTtools. This may happen because you are running on a different platform or configuration than what we have listed, or simply because we have not considered your particular scenario/environment.

If this is the case, and you do run into problems, please create a GitHub issue, or write me a quick email. We would be very happy to solve these problems, so that future users can avoid them and we can expand the use of our library.

Pip version

If the standard way to install EGTtools results in an error or takes a long time, try updating pip to the latest version by running

pip install --upgrade pip

If you do not have pip installed, you can follow these instructions to install pip: